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Efficacy and safety of the Shexiang Baoxin Pill for the treatment of coronary artery disease not amenable to revascularisation: study protocol for a randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blinded trial

14 Feb 2018

Introduction

Coronary artery disease (CAD) not amenable to revascularisation indicates that the coronary arteries have severe diffuse lesions or calcifications, or that CAD is complicated with severe multiple-organ disease. Currently, Western medicines available for the treatment of CAD not amenable to revascularisation are limited. Shexiang Baoxin Pill (SBP), a type of Chinese patent medicine, has been widely used to treat CAD in China for many years. Previous studies have shown that long-term administration of SBP (1–2 pills three times daily, for at least 6 months) for treatment of CAD is effective and safe, with a significant, long-term effect. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of SBP in patients with CAD not amenable to revascularisation.

Methods and analysis

This is a multicentre, randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial. A total of 440 participants will be randomly allocated to two groups: the intervention group and the placebo group. Based on conventional treatment with Western medicine, the intervention group will be treated with SBP and the placebo group will be treated with SBP placebo. The primary outcomes include major adverse cardiovascular events (including angina, acute myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism and aortic dissection). The secondary outcomes include C reactive protein, B-type natriuretic peptide, ECG, echocardiographic parameters (ejection fraction percentage and the E/A ratio) and hospital readmission rates due to CAD. Assessments will be performed at baseline (before randomisation) and at 24 weeks after randomisation.

Ethics and dissemination

The protocol has been approved by the Research Ethics Committee of Guang’anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences in Beijing, China (reference: 2016-129-KY-01). The results of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed journal and will be used as a basis for a multisite trial.

Trial registration number

NCT03072121; Pre-results.

Click here to view the full article which appeared in BMJ Open

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